Posts Tagged ‘aid’

How the Charter4Change is strengthening national and local humanitarian organisations

August 18, 2016
CAFOD partners delivering aid in the Philippines

CAFOD partners delivering aid in the Philippines

By Anne Street, Head of Humanitarian Policy at CAFOD.

 

In June of this year the Start Network officially endorsed the Charter4Change, an initiative signed up to by 29 INGOs, including nine Start members. The Charter4Change is an exciting step towards which aims to make a reality the recent World Humanitarian Summit’s aspirations to strengthen the role of national and local organisations in humanitarian preparedness and response work.

The Charter is a series of eight commitments – also endorsed by more than 125 national/southern based organisations – which pledges its signatories to change the way they work with and relate to national actors. This includes passing 20% of humanitarian funds directly to national actors, including our partners in project design and decision making, introducing our partners directly to our funders and ensuring that we highlight their work and role in our communications.

World Humanitarian Summit: CAFOD analysis of outcomes and next steps

May 26, 2016

By Anne Street, Head of Humanitarian Policy at CAFOD

Earlier this week, the first-ever World Humanitarian Summit took place in Istanbul. Representatives from the across the aid sector – donors, UN agencies, the Red Cross, NGOs, private sector, academics and high-profile aid bodies – were all in attendance, alongside faith-based organisations including CAFOD and other Caritas agencies.

One of the real positive outcomes of the World Humanitarian Summit was the success of the localisation agenda. This is something CAFOD have been working on for a number of years, advocating for local actors – who are first on the scene when there is a natural disaster or emergency – to receive a much greater share of worldwide humanitarian spending.

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Three rules for donors: making sure public-private development finance actually works

April 4, 2016

Last year’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Paris Agreement on climate change represent a significant political shift away from a dependency on fossil fuels towards an era of development more in harmony with the environment. They broaden the previous focus of tackling poverty to include leaving no-one behind and tackling inequality.

Both will require billions, if not trillions, of pounds to implement.

With limited aid budgets, donor governments and global institutions have quickly set their sights on leveraging private sector investment as a way of plugging this finance gap. Aid budgets are increasingly directed towards participating in private sector projects, such as big infrastructure projects like roads, ports and hospitals; service provision such as schools; energy and healthcare.

But if public-private partnerships (PPPs) are to be used effectively to implement both the SDGs and the Paris Agreement, donors need to keep three key rules in mind. (more…)

The Sustainable Development Goals and Laudato Si’

September 17, 2015

Next week, world leaders at the UN will formally adopt 17 new Sustainable Development Goals. The SDGs build on the Millennium Development Goals with the aim of eradicating extreme poverty, tackling inequality and taking action on climate change as part of wide-ranging commitments to sustainable development.

Earlier this year, Pope Francis released Laudato Si’, an encyclical on integral human development which adds to the Catholic Church’s body of teaching. Laudato Si’ is unique in its intention to influence international politics and the multilateral agreements they produce. As a major UN outcome, how do the SDGs meet the challenge set by Laudato Si’?

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Where will the money come from for sustainable development?

October 10, 2014

Yesterday I attended the presentation of the OECD Development Co-operation Report 2014: “Mobilising Resources for Sustainable Development“. The report can be seen as positioning itself as a key reference for the UN Financing for Development Conference in Addis Ababa next year and is well worth a read.

It is unashamedly optimistic, arguing that “there is plenty of money in the world that could be used for development”, and that what we need to do is to mobilise these resources and ensure there is the right political environment for them to be used well. There is a certain inevitability that much of the debate around the report will focus on where the money will come from, but that would be to miss some of the more transformative elements.

I will look briefly at where the money for development will come from, but then turn to the more important questions of what the money should be used for, and what else needs to be done to ensure the increased resources make a difference. (more…)

Helping Developing Economies Grow: the UK Government Approach

March 10, 2014

By Geoffrey Chongo: Head of Programmes, Jesuit Centre for Theology Reflection

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The last week of February has been an eventful week for me. I have had a rare privilege of participating in a trade out of poverty event in Parliament, an event that was graced by the Minister of State for International Development, Mr. Alan Duncan. My role in the event was to give a Zambian perspective as a response to the UK’s new approach of supporting developing countries’ economic development agenda.

The UK’s new focus on economic growth through private sector development is welcome. Like they have rightly put it, economic growth is an important means of raising people’s incomes and reducing poverty in the developing world – it creates jobs and opportunities for poor people to support their families and build more stable futures. However, I hasten to say that from my experience, the manner of this growth will determine whether it will raise incomes and reduce poverty in an equitable way. Growth alone is not sufficient to reduce poverty unless it is guided so that it is inclusive. Otherwise it creates other concerns like income inequality.

UK Government should therefore ensure that the growth it supports is inclusive by way of including small businesses, where most poor people work, in its growth approach. Small businesses should be consulted on the support that the UK Government intends to give to private sector development so as to incorporate their needs.

It is also important to note that small businesses in developing countries particularly Zambia have developed entrepreneurial mindsets and thus any support given to them is not likely to be treated as aid simply for consumption but for applying in their small businesses. Reflecting on the blog comments on the article that we wrote on how to achieve pro-poor economic development it is evident that the role of small businesses in equitable economic development cannot be ignored. Small businesses’ challenges need to be addressed if they have to be helped out of poverty.

It was interesting to see Government agreeing to an open discussion on a very important government policy. It is my hope that CAFOD will continue to work in this area to effectively influence government policies as they relate to the poor.

Using Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) to channel UK aid

April 17, 2013

The use of public-private partnerships (PPPs) to deliver UK aid has been multiplying and looks set to increase in the coming years. All of these PPPs have some kind of arrangement between the public and private sector for the private sector to deliver some or all of the goods or services which traditionally fell under public sector responsibility, such as health care provision or building a road.

The one term PPP can refer to a wide range of different initiatives, some of which can have quite complex structures. For example, PPPs in international development have both a donor government such as the UK and a host government receiving UK aid as the public sector partners, but often the donor governments often channel their money indirectly to PPPs, via the World Bank, the Private Infrastructure Development Group and various other channels. There has also been a recent increase in sales of PPP equity, with over 75% of these transactions now being made through offshore infrastructure funds.

And when it comes to the private sector partner(s), they could be various different business sizes, structures or sectors; ranging from small-scale farmers, artisans or local entrepreneurs to UK companies and transnational corporations.

Given this diversity of the public sector, private sector and PPP structures, it is not possible to make any general assumptions about what the development impacts will be for all PPPs. This means that assumptions must be tested at the assessment, monitoring and evaluation stages for each PPP by all of the actors involved.

CAFOD’s new discussion paper picks out some of the key arguments that we have identified from the international debate about the advantages and disadvantages of using PPPs to deliver UK aid and then raises questions which we think will help the policy debate to better understand:

  • The nature of the value that PPPs add to the delivery of the environmental and poverty reduction objectives of UK aid
  • the ways in which the learning from the impact of these PPPs is informing policy and practice

The paper is the first in a series looking at the use of PPPs to deliver UK aid. CAFOD would like to hear your opinion about these questions. Are they the right questions to ask? Are there questions missing? What do you think are the added benefits of using PPPs to deliver aid? What has been your experience of applying the learning from implementation to new UK aid funded PPPs?

All comments are welcomed and can be sent to:

Beck Wallace, Lead Analyst on Extractive Industries & Corruption bwallace@cafod.org.uk

Movement towards Rio +20 – but more questions than answers…

March 8, 2012

Environment ministers from around the world met last week in Nairobi for the final time before the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) in June. As at Rio itself, the discussion focused on the green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication, and the institutional framework for sustainable development. We now know the issues – but do we know what messages we’re taking to Rio+20, and what outcomes we want on the other side?

Overall, the proposal for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) from Colombia has gained a lot of ground as a potential ‘successful’ outcome. This is good, as it means that discussion on the development framework beyond 2015 is happening, but we need to ensure it doesn’t detract from progress on other more ‘difficult’ areas where decisions need to be made now, such as ocean governance, fossil fuel subsidies, and biodiversity. (more…)

Do the MDGs have anything to fear from the post-2015 debate?

August 5, 2011


In CAFOD’s work on post-2015, we have often heard the argument relayed (almost always second-hand) that starting the conversation about a framework for global development after 2015 may risk undermining efforts to achieve the MDGs over the remaining four years.

This is a sensible thing to consider, and something that Beyond 2015 have always been mindful of.  But how much of a risk is it, really?  What sort of risk are we talking about, and who exactly needs to be worried?

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Open Call for Workshop Participants: Talking with poor people about a post-2015 framework

July 26, 2011

Workshop: Friday 23rd September (all day) and Saturday 24th September (am)

To be held in CAFOD’s offices in London. See a map here.

A post-2015 framework for global development should be informed by what poor people say about their lives.  Talking with poor people could bring at least three potential benefits to a post-2015 framework:  Broader buy-in; stronger accountability and empowerment; and higher quality goals.  See the full workshop concept note here.

Whilst the call for a participative, inclusive process on post-2015 has been gathering strength over recent months, work to engage poor people is currently at an early stage.  A number of independent activities are in development, but there has been no systematic effort to coordinate or strengthen this work.

The workshop will bring together three groups of people:

1)    those who currently have initiatives to talk with poor people about post-2015 in development;

2)    those who have expertise on participative engagement and/or exercises to talk to poor people on a large-scale;

3)    agencies who might consider providing funding for activities to engage poor people in post-2015.

Anyone who considers themselves to be part of one (or more) of three groups outlined above is warmly invited to apply to join the workshop.

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